Dystocia is the term used to describe a difficult or abnormal birth.
Dogs generally can whelp (give birth) without complications, however sometimes complications do arise in which emergency treatment is needed.
Complications can be due to the fetus, for example, being to large, or in an abnormal position.
Problems also arise due to issues on the mothers side, such as anatomical abnormalities in the birth canal, poor strength of contractions, or uterine infections.
Research has shown some breeds more likely to get into problems, these include: French bulldogs, Boston terriers, the chihuahua and pugs.
If your dog is expecting, you need to know what the signs of a difficult birth look like, and know when to get help.
The 8 signs of difficulty during labour are:
Over two hours has passed since labour started, and no puppies have been born
Green discharge from the vagina and no pups have been born
More than two hours have passed between puppies
puppy or fluid-filled bubble stuck in the birth canal, and the dog is continually straining for a few minutes
Intense contractions for over 20 minutes and no puppy has been born
lethargy or depressed behaviour in the dog, or her body temperature is over 39.4°C (103°F)
Blood produced from the vagina for more than 10 minutes
Puppy is in the breech position (it is coming tail comes first)
If any of the above signs are noted contact your vet immediately.
When you arrive at the vet clinic, a full check over will be done including a vaginal exam to check for any puppies in the canal.